The “electricity spread”, in Italy one billion in three years for the conversion, in Germany 4.6 since 2016

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Over one billion euros between 2019 and 2021. Almost two by the end of 2022 if the allocations are confirmed. This is the total number of state incentives for the conversion of the Italian car fleet, one of the oldest in Europe with over 11 years of seniority. Emissions are not as high as in other countries more due to the high incidence of the lower segments, A and B (even if in recent years the share of SUVs has increased considerably), than due to the real efficiency of the engines.

“The hope is for structural measures, at least every three years, to accompany a real spread of electric mobility, in parallel with interventions in favor of the fast charging infrastructure along highways and the increase in residential systems”, exhorts Gianmarco Giorda , director of ANFIA, the national association of the automotive sector.

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As for the average CO2 of the fleet registered in 2021, Italy stood at 120.4 g / km and can improve. Germany, where the upper segments are also more important, came in at 118.7.

Just three years ago, at the end of 2019, it was 157 g / km, but between 2016 and the end of 2021 the German government has syringed 4.6 billion euros to support sales of battery-powered, fully electric or plug-in cars. . The figure was made official by the executive in response to a question from Linke, the party of the extreme left, and is destined to cause discussion.

Chancellor Angela Merkel had set her sights on one million electric cars by 2020, a goal that proved too ambitious. With the bonuses, on the other hand, it obtained that almost one million contracts (965,000 to be precise) were supported by bonuses: up to 9,000 euros for pure electric cars, of which 6,000 provided by the state, and up to 6,750 for plug-ins for vehicles. whose price list, excluding VAT, does not exceed 40,000 euros.

Last legislature, the Great Coalition (Christian Democratic and Social Union and Social Democrats) had decided to extend the incentives until 2025 by doubling the public quota, but the new Social Democratic-led executive (with Liberals and Greens) decided to suspend them at end 2022, at least in its current form.

The subsidy was to serve both to reduce average emissions and to support the German car industry and to meet the needs of sustainable mobility of the less well-off classes. Around 160,000 fully electric Volkswagens benefited from the grant for a total of € 798 million. In terms of volumes disbursed, in second place there are those of Renault, with a total of 441 million disbursed for purchase or leasing contracts of 90,000 cars. Then there are Mercedes (406 million spread over 104,000 cars) and BMW (339 million and 90,000 cars). Also financed with public money 59,000 Tesla for a total of 304 million and almost as many Hyundai (296 million).

The funds were mainly absorbed from the western part of Germany: in the 5 regions of the former GDR (excluding Berlin) just 88,000 cars were purchased with bonuses, or 9% of the total compared to a population of 15%.

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